Nomads and farmers in the western part of Kenya have for decades been in dispute with each other over land and cattle issues. During the past decades the conflict has intensified and today armed cattle raids are common. Frequently the results are displaced families with the children paying the highest price.

The many weapons in circulation after the war in Sudan and the protracted civil war in Somalia have contributed to the escalation of the conflict. Climate change, which has resulted in less rainfall and desertification, has further reduced the fodder available for the cattle. Increasing competition over land available for grazing has further aggravated the on-going conflict.

Refugee children must be secured schooling
To escape from a dangerous environment, whole families or the children alone flee their homesteads and seek down to more peaceful areas south where they temporarily live with relatives or acquaintances. Children are often not offered schooling in the new area and therefore, the project will work for the children to be re-enrolled into school.

Dialogue and conflict management
The project effort is focused in Elgeyo Marakwet County, where it addresses conflict mediation to prevent and counteract the unrest. The aim is to facilitate a continued constructive dialogue between the parties involved in the conflict. This include representatives of the various ethnic groups, authorities and police.
The project is expected to have a positive impact on approximately 4.000 children.

In 2017 an aspiration to create an inspirational advocacy and communication linkages between the country components led to the creation of the “Programmatic Communication Platform”

The PCP is now a sustained facility anchored under the current programme with participants from seven organizations from the two sets of consortiums in Mozambique and Kenya. To add regional relevance 2 additional partners from Tanzania and Uganda were included in early 2018

Hence the platform consists of communication staff from SusWatch Kenya, Livaningo Mozambique, ADEL Sofala Mozambique, Osienala Kenya, Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development, CREP Kenya, TaTEDO Tanzania, Umande Trust Kenya and SustainableEnergy Denmark.

The Programmatic Communication Platform is born out of a realization that working with communication on trans boundary issues like climate change and climate action provides a unique opportunity for CSOs to meet across borders to discuss effective ways and means to advocate for both local and global climate action.

The team meets physically once or twice a year and besides that, it holds regular online meetings to keep momentum.  By these means, the platform seeks to follow its aim of strengthening each other and develop new innovative approaches to influence decision-makers to take climate action.

The Programmatic Communication Platform, of course, has its own web-page with its own media productions

The programme gives continuation to a first phase lasting from  2017-19 where 15 Natural Resource Management Committees  (NRMC’s) in two districts of the Sofala Province had their capacities raised and where the experiences from the field were used to engage authorities in addressing some of the pitfalls in the implementation of pieces of legislation meant to aid the operations of the NRMCs.

In this phase, another 10 committees have been added from a neighbouring district.  The new committees will be taken through a more conceptualized capacity building programme and the advocacy efforts will be continued with the ambition to now also include climate change issues at district and provincial levels. Furthermore, the programme will invest resources in bolstering and compiling the model and knowledge creation that has taken place during the years that NRMC’s in Sofala Province have been supported by the consortium of partners. This aspect was already an integrated part of the objective of the first phase but is now given full attention. Hence, the objective remains the same as during the first phase, namely:

Knowledge is generated about the ability, effectiveness and efficiency of national and local tax and other revenue mechanisms from sustainable natural resource exploitation at community level to strengthen these and their adaptive capacities to ongoing climate changes. The knowledge is used to increase incomes in targeted communities and influence duty bearers to improve accountable and transparent distribution of benefits thereby contributing to higher community resilience

The NRMC consortium of partners uses a web-blog to disseminate programme news and findings

 

This component document builds upon lessons learned from the 4 years component: Devolution and Climate Change Adaptation (DaCCA) ending December 2019.

The aim of the component is:

Vulnerable populations in Kisumu, Homa Bay and Migori counties at risk of natural hazards caused by climate change are increasingly supported by policies and components funded by devolution and climate change funds.

In this second phase of the DaCCA component the focus will change from partner driven community projects to best practice models for upscaling, replication and funding from County authorities.

The decentralization process in Kenya where counties are given better economic and governance opportunities has created an environment and practice where communities are given the option to be involved in the hearing process following the terms for drafting the County Integrated Development Plans and the Annual Development Plans. The component will provide communities with training and insights in the hearing process and support the compilation of Community Adaptation Action Plans to be presented for the county at Ward and County level.

Moreover, this second phase of the DaCCA component will follow the vertical flow of the climate finances from the national level to the target counties.

The DACcA programme has its own homepage updated by the consortium partners.

The Programme is implemented in Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania with the latter entering only in 2022. The programme engages with poverty alleviation at sub-national levels within the environment and natural resources sector. The thematic focus is a combination of addressing current national decentralisation challenges with experienced climate changes in rural areas.

Through the programme SustainableEnergy work with small to medium-sized Civil Society Organisations that already have a respected track record within their field of expertise and/or within their constituency and they are all engaged via consortium set-ups in each country.

Furthermore, in each country, the programme is organised around four identical thematic entry points, namely:

  • Community
  • Advocacy
  • Consortium
  • Private sector

Each of the country components (Kenya and Mozambique so far) have their own presentation below and similarly a transversal communication component – the Programmatic Communication Platform – is separately described.

 

When the men land their catch at Lake Victoria, women are ready to buy fish for the local market. Since the competition for the catch is tough, it is common for women to pay with sexual services to the fishermen.

In Luo language, this life-threatening practice, that women pay with sex for fish, is called “Jaboya”. Often, young girls at school age contribute to the family’s income base by offering sex as a payment for the catch. However, the risk of pregnancy and being infected with HIV is huge. In fact, the areas along Lake Victoria have the largest prevalence of HIV in Kenya. When school girls get pregnant, the law tells them to stop going to school.

Competition between women in the markets has also become harder in recent years. Climate change, overfishing and increasing population pressure have led to a decline in fish stocks.

“Turudi Shule – Empowering girls against Jaboya”, based on two fishing landing sites, will try to break the evil spiral. Through local change agents and NGOs, the project will contribute to the implementation of attitude-changing anti-Jaboya campaigns, and at the same time exposed girls will be set on track back to either school or job training.

The program consists of two country programs in Mozambique and Kenya, respectively. The target groups in the two programs are vulnerable population groups whose living conditions are further deteriorated by the noticeable climate change the regions are exposed to, for example, shifting rain patterns, frequent floods, decrease in yields and longer droughts. Through a number of local civil society organizations, the program supports the ability of the affected groups to implement sustainable natural resource management. Efforts will be based on simple local development plans / agreements with local communities, such as tree planting, nursery schools, bee keeping, general restructuring of agricultural production, more drought-resistant crops as well as the establishment of solar-powered irrigation systems and electrification of homes via solar cells. On the basis of practical efforts, the program will, through advocacy, influence local policies and budgets to be more directed towards the most vulnerable populations. The program is also linked to the climate policy work undertaken by VE in Denmark.

The country programs are mentioned elsewhere on this page under these two names:

– Natural Resource Management Committees in Sofala – Governance, Rights and Climate Change

–  Devolution and 
Climate Change Adaptation in Western Kenya

Full title: Supporting sustainable mini-grid development and local production of wind turbines using the case of Kenya

The Kenya Miniwind project aims to explore and develop a market for a partly locally produced kW wind turbine PV mini-grid, for rural electrification in order to reduce the cost of electricity and support local value creation. On this basis, the long-term objectives of the project are to contribute to poverty reduction, stimulate economic growth and increase sustainable energy supply.

The short to medium term objective is to explore the market potential and learn more about how to design the right solutions and business models suitable for rural electrification. The project will therefore conduct a market study, engage in dialogue with the local communities and authorities, and demonstrate the technical, social and economic feasibility of integrating a kW wind turbine into a smart solar-powered mini-grid in Kenya. The project will also demonstrate assembly and production of a relevant component for the demonstration wind turbine. The project will finally work to improve the mini-grid developer sector both in Kenya and in the region.

The project is funded by the Danida Market Development Partnerships and has been applied for in partnership with:

Vestas Wind Systems A/S

Technical University of Denmark

Kenya Climate Innovation Center

Rural Electrification Authority (Kenya)

The purpose of the project is to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement in East Africa, focusing on increasing climate ambitions and integrating poverty alleviation. The project’s goal is to increase civil society’s influence in the adjustment process of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) and long-term low-emission development strategies (LEDS) in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The project focuses on 1) capacity building by strengthening CSO knowledge and capacity within NDC and LEDS processes including poverty alleviation and opportunities for international funding; 2) strengthening networks and coordinating among national and regional coalitions through exchange of experience and cooperation and 3) developing and conducting coordinated advocacy aimed at national, regional and international institutions and decision makers for more ambitious and poverty-oriented NDCs / LEDs and for increased international funding for the implementation of NDCs and LEDSs.

For more information go to: INFORSE-Africa: http://www.inforse.org/africa/East_Africa_PIPA.htm

The purpose of the programme is that communities can take care of their own natural resources and obtain and make inclusive and sustainable use of revenues generated from an exploitation of natural resources within community owned land. The law providing for the revenue is quite progressive but unfortunately equally in-transparent in its implementation.
The direct work with communities is carried out by ADEL Sofala complemented by two other Sofala based organisations, these are Muleide – Women’s Association for Law and Development and Ipaj – Institute for Legal Assistance and Representation.

Livaningo, a Maputo based advocacy organization,  will be looking at the effects of the program targeting national networks and agendas through communication and advocacy efforts – often together with other members of the consortium. A network of environmental concerned journalists is also attached to the program.

It is the expectation of SustainableEnergy and the partners that civil society actors working closely together will have a greater impact in addressing structural constraints that constitute a barrier to people centered and just development in the Province of Sofala.

The project focuses on enhancing local producers’ access to the formal market by improving the production and strengthening the integration of the small-scale beekeepers in the value chain of honey production. The project will include training in 1) modern beekeeping methods, 2) organization and strengthening of local beekeeper associations, and 3) business plans.

The project seeks to coordinate and create synergy with other initiatives and to cooperate with local authorities and private sectors actors, e.g. the Provincial Honey Group.

The project is implemented by ADEL Sofala.

This project is funded by the European Union through the Local Economic Development Program (ProDEL).

PRODUCAO DE MEL – SOFALA
Click above to see a television video clip about the project (in Portuguese)

The DaCCA program seeks to take advantage from the possibilities appearing in the new Kenyan constitution (2010) introducing devolved governance at both political and administrative levels. Under the devolution act 15% of central government revenues are planned to be transferred to the county governments with an intention of institutionalizing public participation in planning and decision making processes. Although the pitfalls are many there is a general agreement amongst civil society in Kenya that over time the act gives a real opportunity of bringing democratic decisions closer to the grass roots prioritizing local needs whilst addressing the challenges of inequality and poverty. The DaCCA program will test and facilitate the willingness of duty-bearers to carry out the intentions of the act. It is expected that the organisational structure of the program will stimulate a creative process where synergy between the alliance partners will create new models for partnership between duty-bearers and right-holders in mutual interest of mitigating the effect of climate change. DaCCA has been designed with 4 Kenyan CSOs: CREPP, Osienala, Umande Trust and SusWatch.

The aim of the project is to strengthen the implementation of regionally agreed policies in West Africa concerning pro-poor climate change mitigation through access to sustainable energy. The background is that a number of strategies have been agreed regionally by for instance the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), but national implementation lags behind.

The implementation will be strengthened by increasing knowledge and ownership of the policies amongst civil society actors, private sector actors, and decision-makers nationally and regionally in ECOWAS. SustainableEnergy is cooperating with the International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE) with partners in seven different West African countries: ENDA in Senegal, CEAS in Burkina Faso, MFC in Mali, JVE in Benin, OPED in Togo, AFHON in Côte d’Ivoire, and CODDAE in Niger. See all partners her.

And for more information go to: INFORSE-Africa: http://www.inforse.org/africa/West_Africa_ACE.htm

Frame agreement with the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Danida). Describes the strategic orientation in a four years’ perspective. Provides funding for country programmes in Kenya and Mozambique. Due to a general cut in the Danish ODA in 2015 Mali country activities were phased out by the end of 2016.

The 1-year project is an NGO Cooperation across the INFORSE-Europe network in 5 Eastern European countries:
From Armenia: ECO-Team,
From Belarus: Centre for Environmental Solutions
From Macedonia: Eko Svest,
From Serbia: Cekor
From Ukraine: Renewable Energy Agency,
From Denmark: INFORSE Denmark.

The overall development objective of the Project is the transition of the 5 project countries, and ultimately the region to sustainable energy in a way that eliminates energy poverty and reduces poverty in general via creation of local jobs in energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Project will facilitate to develop and promote sustainable energy strategies that are supported by a group of civil society organisations and that are influencing the official energy strategies or plans. This influence is either local or national, depending on the country.

Read more on INFORSE web-page