When the men land their catch at Lake Victoria, women are ready to buy fish for the local market. Since the competition for the catch is tough, it is common for women to pay with sexual services to the fishermen.

In Luo language, this life-threatening practice, that women pay with sex for fish, is called “Jaboya”. Often, young girls at school age contribute to the family’s income base by offering sex as a payment for the catch. However, the risk of pregnancy and being infected with HIV is huge. In fact, the areas along Lake Victoria have the largest prevalence of HIV in Kenya. When school girls get pregnant, the law tells them to stop going to school.

Competition between women in the markets has also become harder in recent years. Climate change, overfishing and increasing population pressure have led to a decline in fish stocks.

“Turudi Shule – Empowering girls against Jaboya”, based on two fishing landing sites, will try to break the evil spiral. Through local change agents and NGOs, the project will contribute to the implementation of attitude-changing anti-Jaboya campaigns, and at the same time exposed girls will be set on track back to either school or job training.

The program consists of two country programs in Mozambique and Kenya, respectively. The target groups in the two programs are vulnerable population groups whose living conditions are further deteriorated by the noticeable climate change the regions are exposed to, for example, shifting rain patterns, frequent floods, decrease in yields and longer droughts. Through a number of local civil society organizations, the program supports the ability of the affected groups to implement sustainable natural resource management. Efforts will be based on simple local development plans / agreements with local communities, such as tree planting, nursery schools, bee keeping, general restructuring of agricultural production, more drought-resistant crops as well as the establishment of solar-powered irrigation systems and electrification of homes via solar cells. On the basis of practical efforts, the program will, through advocacy, influence local policies and budgets to be more directed towards the most vulnerable populations. The program is also linked to the climate policy work undertaken by VE in Denmark.

The country programs are mentioned elsewhere on this page under these two names:

– Natural Resource Management Committees in Sofala – Governance, Rights and Climate Change

–  Devolution and 
Climate Change Adaptation in Western Kenya

Full title: Supporting sustainable mini-grid development and local production of wind turbines using the case of Kenya

The Kenya Miniwind project aims to explore and develop a market for a partly locally produced kW wind turbine PV mini-grid, for rural electrification in order to reduce the cost of electricity and support local value creation. On this basis, the long-term objectives of the project are to contribute to poverty reduction, stimulate economic growth and increase sustainable energy supply.

The short to medium term objective is to explore the market potential and learn more about how to design the right solutions and business models suitable for rural electrification. The project will therefore conduct a market study, engage in dialogue with the local communities and authorities, and demonstrate the technical, social and economic feasibility of integrating a kW wind turbine into a smart solar-powered mini-grid in Kenya. The project will also demonstrate assembly and production of a relevant component for the demonstration wind turbine. The project will finally work to improve the mini-grid developer sector both in Kenya and in the region.

The project is funded by the Danida Market Development Partnerships and has been applied for in partnership with:

Vestas Wind Systems A/S

Technical University of Denmark

Kenya Climate Innovation Center

Rural Electrification Authority (Kenya)

The purpose of the project is to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement in East Africa, focusing on increasing climate ambitions and integrating poverty alleviation. The project’s goal is to increase civil society’s influence in the adjustment process of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) and long-term low-emission development strategies (LEDS) in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The project focuses on 1) capacity building by strengthening CSO knowledge and capacity within NDC and LEDS processes including poverty alleviation and opportunities for international funding; 2) strengthening networks and coordinating among national and regional coalitions through exchange of experience and cooperation and 3) developing and conducting coordinated advocacy aimed at national, regional and international institutions and decision makers for more ambitious and poverty-oriented NDCs / LEDs and for increased international funding for the implementation of NDCs and LEDSs.

For more information go to: INFORSE-Africa: http://www.inforse.org/africa/East_Africa_PIPA.htm

The purpose of the programme is that communities can take care of their own natural resources and obtain and make inclusive and sustainable use of revenues generated from an exploitation of natural resources within community owned land. The law providing for the revenue is quite progressive but unfortunately equally in-transparent in its implementation.
The direct work with communities is carried out by ADEL Sofala complemented by two other Sofala based organisations, these are Muleide – Women’s Association for Law and Development and Ipaj – Institute for Legal Assistance and Representation.

Livaningo, a Maputo based advocacy organization,  will be looking at the effects of the program targeting national networks and agendas through communication and advocacy efforts – often together with other members of the consortium. A network of environmental concerned journalists is also attached to the program.

It is the expectation of SustainableEnergy and the partners that civil society actors working closely together will have a greater impact in addressing structural constraints that constitute a barrier to people centered and just development in the Province of Sofala.

The project focuses on enhancing local producers’ access to the formal market by improving the production and strengthening the integration of the small-scale beekeepers in the value chain of honey production. The project will include training in 1) modern beekeeping methods, 2) organization and strengthening of local beekeeper associations, and 3) business plans.

The project seeks to coordinate and create synergy with other initiatives and to cooperate with local authorities and private sectors actors, e.g. the Provincial Honey Group.

The project is implemented by ADEL Sofala.

This project is funded by the European Union through the Local Economic Development Program (ProDEL).

PRODUCAO DE MEL – SOFALA
Click above to see a television video clip about the project (in Portuguese)

The DaCCA program seeks to take advantage from the possibilities appearing in the new Kenyan constitution (2010) introducing devolved governance at both political and administrative levels. Under the devolution act 15% of central government revenues are planned to be transferred to the county governments with an intention of institutionalizing public participation in planning and decision making processes. Although the pitfalls are many there is a general agreement amongst civil society in Kenya that over time the act gives a real opportunity of bringing democratic decisions closer to the grass roots prioritizing local needs whilst addressing the challenges of inequality and poverty. The DaCCA program will test and facilitate the willingness of duty-bearers to carry out the intentions of the act. It is expected that the organisational structure of the program will stimulate a creative process where synergy between the alliance partners will create new models for partnership between duty-bearers and right-holders in mutual interest of mitigating the effect of climate change. DaCCA has been designed with 4 Kenyan CSOs: CREPP, Osienala, Umande Trust and SusWatch.

The aim of the project is to strengthen the implementation of regionally agreed policies in West Africa concerning pro-poor climate change mitigation through access to sustainable energy. The background is that a number of strategies have been agreed regionally by for instance the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), but national implementation lags behind.

The implementation will be strengthened by increasing knowledge and ownership of the policies amongst civil society actors, private sector actors, and decision-makers nationally and regionally in ECOWAS. SustainableEnergy is cooperating with the International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE) with partners in seven different West African countries: ENDA in Senegal, CEAS in Burkina Faso, MFC in Mali, JVE in Benin, OPED in Togo, AFHON in Côte d’Ivoire, and CODDAE in Niger. See all partners her.

And for more information go to: INFORSE-Africa: http://www.inforse.org/africa/West_Africa_ACE.htm

Frame agreement with the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Danida). Describes the strategic orientation in a four years’ perspective. Provides funding for country programmes in Kenya and Mozambique. Due to a general cut in the Danish ODA in 2015 Mali country activities were phased out by the end of 2016.

The 1-year project is an NGO Cooperation across the INFORSE-Europe network in 5 Eastern European countries:
From Armenia: ECO-Team,
From Belarus: Centre for Environmental Solutions
From Macedonia: Eko Svest,
From Serbia: Cekor
From Ukraine: Renewable Energy Agency,
From Denmark: INFORSE Denmark.

The overall development objective of the Project is the transition of the 5 project countries, and ultimately the region to sustainable energy in a way that eliminates energy poverty and reduces poverty in general via creation of local jobs in energy efficiency and renewable energy. The Project will facilitate to develop and promote sustainable energy strategies that are supported by a group of civil society organisations and that are influencing the official energy strategies or plans. This influence is either local or national, depending on the country.

Read more on INFORSE web-page